On Thu, 26 Nov 2009, email@example.com wrote:
> Two values are important for this : the self noise of the mic,
Fons, thank you for your clear explanation! I got quite an education from
that one post alone. Makes me want to go out and measure all the preamps
in my environment.
So how do I do it?
Just off the top of my head, I'm thinking of something as simple as
placing a 150ohm resistor across the input of the preamp, turning the gain
all the way up, and measurnig the p-p voltage at the output. Comparing
that to the '0dB' reference level would give the EIN. Am I even close?
On a related note, what is the maximum dynamic range of a 24-bit a/d
converter? Each 'bit' of precision represents a doubling of the maximum
input voltage, and I remember being told somewhere along the line that 3dB
represents a doubling, but I don't remember if that's voltage or power.
3*24 is 72dB, but that sounds too low. I remember being told that 16-bit
CD audio is capable of something like 100dB dynamic range, so I would
expect 24bit to be capable of something more like 124dB. And the '0dB
reference level' isn't the full-scale 24-bit clipping level, is it? So
the 'working' dynamic range would be somewhat less.
I realize I'm babbling on... I guess the ultimate question is how good
is good enough? WHat is the EIN figure that would be unmeasurable with a
24-bit A/D converter? What level (expressed in dB wrt '0VU' is required
to make the transition from 0x000000 to 0x000001?
I'm displaying my total ignorance here. I don't even know if audio is
represented by signed integers, or unsigned integers. Is a shorted input
represented by 0x000000, and a minimal signal would oscillate between
0x000001 and 0xFFFFFF, or is it represented unsigned, where a shorted
input would be 0xEFFFFF, and a maximum signal would oscillate between
0x000000 and 0xFFFFFF? What's the binary representation of the '0VU'
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